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Structured Latent Diffusion for Diverse and Controllable 3D Human Generation

Core Concepts
StructLDM, a diffusion-based unconditional 3D human generative model, learns a structured and dense latent representation to capture the articulated structure and semantics of the human body, enabling diverse and controllable 3D human generation.
The paper proposes StructLDM, a two-stage framework for 3D human generation. In the first stage, an auto-decoder is learned to optimize a structured 2D latent representation for each training subject, which preserves the articulated structure and semantics of the human body. The auto-decoder consists of a set of structured NeRFs that are locally conditioned on the 2D latent to render pose- and view-dependent human images. In the second stage, the learned structured latents are used to train a latent diffusion model, which enables diverse and realistic human generation. The structured latent representation allows StructLDM to achieve state-of-the-art performance on 3D human generation compared to existing 3D-aware GAN methods. StructLDM also enables various controllable generation and editing tasks, such as pose/view/shape control, compositional generations, part-aware clothing editing, and 3D virtual try-on, by leveraging the structured latent space and the diffusion model.
"Recent 3D human generative models have achieved remarkable progress by learning 3D-aware GANs from 2D images." "Existing works overlook the semantics and structure of the human body and sample humans in a compact 1D space, which severely limits their controlling ability." "StructLDM achieves diverse and high-quality 3D human generation, outperforming existing 3D-aware GAN methods on FID."
"Different from the widely adopted 1D latent, we explore the higher-dimensional latent space without latent mapping for 3D human generation and editing." "We propose StructLDM, a diffusion-based 3D human generative model, which achieves state-of-the-art results in 3D human generation." "Emerging from our design choices, we show novel controllable generation and editing tasks, e.g., 3D compositional generations, part-aware 3D editing, 3D virtual try-on."

Key Insights Distilled From

by Tao Hu,Fangz... at 04-02-2024

Deeper Inquiries

How can the structured latent representation be further improved to capture even finer details of the human body and appearance

To further enhance the structured latent representation for capturing finer details of the human body and appearance, several strategies can be implemented: Increased Resolution: Increasing the resolution of the structured latent space can allow for more detailed information to be encoded. By using higher-resolution latent representations, finer details such as intricate clothing patterns, subtle facial features, and small body nuances can be better captured. Multi-Scale Representation: Implementing a multi-scale structured latent representation can help capture details at different levels of granularity. By incorporating features at various scales, from global body structure to fine textures, the model can better represent the complexity of human appearance. Attention Mechanisms: Introducing attention mechanisms within the structured latent space can enable the model to focus on specific regions of interest. This can help prioritize the encoding of important details and improve the fidelity of generated human images. Fine-tuning with Additional Data: Fine-tuning the structured latent representation with additional diverse datasets containing a wide range of human appearances can help the model learn more robust and detailed representations. This can enhance the model's ability to capture subtle variations in human body structures and appearances.

What other applications beyond 3D human generation and editing could benefit from the structured latent representation proposed in this work

The structured latent representation proposed in this work can have applications beyond 3D human generation and editing. Some potential areas that could benefit from this representation include: Fashion Design: The structured latent space can be utilized for virtual fashion design and try-on applications. Designers can manipulate the latent space to create and visualize new clothing styles on virtual human models, enabling rapid prototyping and design iterations. Virtual Reality (VR) and Augmented Reality (AR): The structured latent representation can be used for creating realistic avatars in VR and AR environments. By leveraging the detailed human body representations, immersive experiences can be developed with lifelike virtual characters. Medical Imaging: In the field of medical imaging, the structured latent space can aid in generating detailed 3D models of human anatomy for educational purposes, surgical planning, and simulation of medical procedures. Forensic Reconstruction: The structured latent representation can assist in forensic facial reconstruction by accurately capturing facial features and structures from limited information, such as skeletal remains or partial images.

How can the training efficiency of StructLDM be improved, especially for the auto-decoder stage, to make it more practical for real-world deployment

To improve the training efficiency of StructLDM, especially for the auto-decoder stage, the following strategies can be considered: Transfer Learning: Pre-training the auto-decoder on a large-scale dataset with diverse human images can help accelerate the learning process. By leveraging pre-trained weights, the model can quickly adapt to new datasets and tasks. Data Augmentation: Augmenting the training data with transformations like rotation, scaling, and flipping can increase the diversity of the dataset and improve the generalization of the model. This can lead to faster convergence during training. Architectural Optimization: Streamlining the architecture of the auto-decoder by reducing unnecessary complexity and parameters can enhance training efficiency. Simplifying the network structure while maintaining performance can lead to faster training times. Parallel Processing: Utilizing parallel processing techniques and distributed training across multiple GPUs can speed up the training process. This can help reduce the overall training time for the auto-decoder stage of StructLDM.