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Adaptive-RAG: Learning to Adapt Retrieval-Augmented Large Language Models through Question Complexity

Core Concepts
Adaptive-RAG dynamically selects the most suitable strategy for retrieval-augmented LLMs based on query complexity, enhancing efficiency and accuracy in QA systems.
The content introduces the Adaptive-RAG framework for adapting retrieval-augmented Large Language Models (LLMs) based on query complexity. It addresses the limitations of existing approaches by dynamically selecting strategies ranging from non-retrieval to multi-step retrieval based on query complexities. The framework includes a classifier to predict query complexity levels and automatically collects training data without human labeling. Experimental results demonstrate improved efficiency and accuracy compared to traditional adaptive retrieval strategies. Directory: Introduction Retrieval-Augmented LLMs enhance response accuracy in tasks like Question-Answering (QA). Data Extraction "Code is available at:" Method Adaptive-RAG adapts LLMs based on query complexity. Experimental Setups FLAN-T5 series models used for comparison. Experimental Results and Analyses Adaptive-RAG outperforms other adaptive strategies in effectiveness and efficiency. Conclusion Adaptive-RAG improves QA system performance by dynamically adjusting strategies based on query complexity.
Retrieval-Augmented Large Language Models have shown overwhelming performances across diverse tasks. Code is available at:

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by Soyeong Jeon... at 03-22-2024

Deeper Inquiries

How can Adaptive-RAG handle offensive or harmful content in user inputs?

Adaptive-RAG can address offensive or harmful content in user inputs by implementing methods to detect and manage such content within the retrieval-augmented framework. One approach could involve incorporating filters or algorithms that flag potentially inappropriate language or topics in user queries. These filters could be designed to recognize offensive keywords, phrases, or patterns commonly associated with harmful content. Additionally, Adaptive-RAG could utilize sentiment analysis techniques to assess the tone of user inputs and identify any negative or abusive language. To further enhance its ability to handle offensive content, Adaptive-RAG could integrate a moderation component that reviews retrieved documents for appropriateness before incorporating them into the response generation process. This moderation step would involve screening external knowledge sources for potentially objectionable material and filtering out any documents containing inappropriate information. By proactively detecting and managing offensive or harmful content in both user inputs and retrieved documents, Adaptive-RAG can ensure that it generates responses that are respectful, safe, and suitable for all users.

How can future work create datasets annotated with a diverse range of query complexities?

Future work aiming to create datasets annotated with a diverse range of query complexities can follow several strategies: Manual Annotation: Researchers can manually label queries from various domains with complexity levels based on factors like reasoning depth, required knowledge breadth, and multi-step processing needs. Domain experts can provide insights into what makes a query simple versus complex within their field. Crowdsourcing: Utilizing crowdsourcing platforms to gather annotations from a diverse group of annotators who classify queries according to their perceived complexity level. This method allows for scalability and diversity in labeling perspectives. Automatic Complexity Assessment: Developing automated tools that analyze query structures, linguistic features, entity relationships, etc., to predict complexity levels without human intervention. Machine learning models trained on existing data may help categorize new queries accurately based on these features. Inductive Bias Leveraging: Leveraging inherent biases present in existing datasets where certain types of questions naturally lend themselves to specific complexity levels (e.g., single-hop vs multi-hop questions). By using this bias as guidance during annotation creation processes helps ensure coverage across different complexities. By combining these approaches strategically while considering domain-specific nuances and dataset characteristics, researchers can curate high-quality datasets encompassing a wide spectrum of query complexities essential for training robust adaptive systems like Adaptive-RAG.

What are potential improvements for the classifier architecture in Adaptive-RAG?

Potential improvements for the classifier architecture in Adaptive-RAG include: Enhanced Feature Representation: Incorporating more sophisticated feature representations such as contextual embeddings (BERT-based models), attention mechanisms (Transformer architectures), or graph neural networks could capture intricate relationships between words/entities better. Model Ensemble Techniques: Implementing ensemble learning techniques by combining multiple classifiers trained on different aspects of query complexity prediction may improve overall classification accuracy by leveraging diverse perspectives. Fine-tuning Strategies: Employing advanced fine-tuning strategies like curriculum learning where the model is exposed gradually to increasingly complex examples during training might enhance its ability to generalize well across varying degrees of question difficulty. 4 .Regularization Techniques: Applying regularization methods like dropout layers or weight decay during training helps prevent overfitting issues which might occur when dealing with limited labeled data sets. 5 .Interpretability Enhancements: Introducing interpretability measures such as attention visualization techniques enables understanding why certain decisions are made by the classifier regarding query complexity classification. 6 .Transfer Learning: Leveraging pre-trained models specifically fine-tuned on tasks related to classifying text complexities may boost performance significantly due