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Efficient Reconstruction of Closed Curves on Riemannian Manifolds from Sparse Samples


Core Concepts
An innovative algorithm that can efficiently reconstruct closed curves directly on Riemannian manifolds from a given sparse set of sample points, overcoming the limitations of previous state-of-the-art methods.
Abstract
This paper introduces a novel method for reconstructing closed curves on Riemannian manifolds from sparse, unordered samples. The key contributions are: Extending state-of-the-art theory and techniques for 2D curve reconstruction to manifold domains, addressing the challenges of working in non-Euclidean spaces. Relaxing the sampling conditions required for curve reconstruction on manifolds compared to previous work, allowing for sparser and non-uniform sampling. Generalizing the SIGDT proximity graph to manifold domains (SIGDV) and proving that it contains the correct curve reconstruction under the new sampling conditions. Developing an algorithm that leverages the properties of the SIGDV graph to efficiently reconstruct closed curves on manifolds, even when the sampling conditions are not fully met. The authors demonstrate the robustness and versatility of their method through qualitative experiments on various real-world applications, including motion tracking, virtual cultural heritage processing, contour matching, and sparse data visualization. The proposed solution outperforms the previous state-of-the-art approach, which fails in many cases due to its stricter sampling requirements.
Stats
The local feature size (lfs) represents the minimum distance from a point on the curve to the medial axis. The injectivity radius (iM(p)) of a point p on the manifold M is the infimum of the distances from p to the cut locus of p. The injective local feature size (ilfs(p)) is defined as the minimum of the local feature size and the injectivity radius at a point p. The injective reach (ireach(I)) of an interval I on the curve is the minimum injective local feature size among points in the interval.
Quotes
"We formally improve on the state-of-the-art requirements and introduce an innovative algorithm capable of reconstructing closed curves directly on surfaces from a given sparse set of sample points." "We extend and adapt a state-of-the-art planar curve reconstruction method to the realm of surfaces while dealing with the challenges arising from working on non-Euclidean domains."

Key Insights Distilled From

by Diana Marin,... at arxiv.org 04-16-2024

https://arxiv.org/pdf/2404.09661.pdf
Reconstructing Curves from Sparse Samples on Riemannian Manifolds

Deeper Inquiries

How can the proposed method be extended to handle open curves or curves with self-intersections on manifolds

To extend the proposed method to handle open curves or curves with self-intersections on manifolds, we can introduce additional constraints and algorithms. For open curves, we can modify the algorithm to allow for endpoints that are not connected in a closed loop. This would involve adjusting the criteria for connecting samples to ensure that the reconstruction follows the open curve's path accurately. By relaxing the requirement for a closed loop, we can reconstruct open curves on manifolds. Handling curves with self-intersections is more complex. We would need to incorporate checks and corrections to ensure that the reconstructed curve does not intersect itself. This could involve detecting potential self-intersections during the reconstruction process and adjusting the connections between samples to avoid such intersections. By implementing these checks and corrections, we can extend the method to handle curves with self-intersections on manifolds.

What are the theoretical limits of the sampling conditions required for the SIGDV graph to contain the correct curve reconstruction

The theoretical limits of the sampling conditions required for the SIGDV graph to contain the correct curve reconstruction depend on the geometry of the manifold and the complexity of the curve. One limit is the density of the samples. If the samples are too sparse, the graph may not capture the intricate details of the curve, leading to inaccuracies in the reconstruction. Therefore, there is a minimum sampling density required to ensure the correct reconstruction within the SIGDV graph. Another limit is the curvature of the curve and the local feature size of the manifold. If the curve has sharp turns or complex geometry that is not adequately sampled, the SIGDV graph may struggle to reconstruct the curve accurately. In such cases, the sampling conditions may need to be adjusted to account for the curvature and local features of the manifold. Overall, the limits of the sampling conditions for the SIGDV graph to contain the correct curve reconstruction are influenced by the interplay of sampling density, curve complexity, and manifold geometry.

Can the curve reconstruction algorithm be further optimized in terms of computational efficiency for large-scale applications

The curve reconstruction algorithm can be optimized in terms of computational efficiency for large-scale applications by implementing the following strategies: Parallelization: Utilize parallel computing techniques to distribute the computational workload across multiple processors or cores. This can significantly reduce the processing time for reconstructing curves on large datasets. Optimized Data Structures: Use efficient data structures, such as spatial indexing or hierarchical representations, to store and access the samples and graph information. This can speed up the graph traversal and manipulation processes. Algorithmic Improvements: Fine-tune the algorithm to minimize redundant calculations and optimize the graph operations. This may involve refining the TSP solver or introducing heuristics to expedite the reconstruction process. Incremental Processing: Implement incremental processing techniques to handle large datasets in chunks or batches, reducing memory overhead and improving overall efficiency. By incorporating these optimization strategies, the curve reconstruction algorithm can be made more efficient and scalable for large-scale applications on manifolds.
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