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HateCOT: Enhancing Offensive Speech Detection with Explanations

Core Concepts
Enhancing offensive speech detection with explanations through the HateCOT dataset.
The paper introduces HateCOT, a dataset of 52,000 samples for offensive content detection. It addresses the challenges of generalization in detecting offensive content across different datasets. The dataset includes explanations generated by GPT-3.5-Turbo and human-curated annotations. Pre-training models on HateCOT significantly boosts performance on benchmark datasets in zero and few-shot settings. The paper aims to reduce data curation costs, enhance cross-dataset generalization, and provide explainable decisions for content moderation.
HateCOT dataset consists of 52,000 samples. Models show significant performance improvement on benchmark datasets after pre-training on HateCOT. Llama models demonstrate enhanced performance after finetuning on HateCOT.
"We introduce HateCOT, a dataset of 52k samples drawn from diverse sources with explanations generated by GPT-3.5-Turbo." "Pre-training models on HateCOT significantly boosts open-sourced Language Models' performance." "Our findings suggest a cost-efficient alternative approach to curating synthetic data for offensive speech detection."

Key Insights Distilled From

by Huy ... at 03-19-2024

Deeper Inquiries

How can the use of explanations from GPT-3.5-Turbo improve transparency in content moderation?

The use of explanations generated by GPT-3.5-Turbo can enhance transparency in content moderation by providing human-readable justifications for the decisions made by models in detecting offensive speech. These explanations offer insights into why a particular piece of content was flagged as offensive, helping users understand the reasoning behind moderation actions taken by platforms. By making these explanations accessible to end users, social media platforms can increase trust and accountability in their content moderation processes.

What are the potential ethical implications of using large language models for offensive speech detection?

There are several potential ethical implications associated with using large language models for offensive speech detection. One major concern is the risk of perpetuating implicit biases present in the training data, which could lead to discriminatory outcomes or reinforce existing prejudices. Additionally, there is a possibility that malicious actors could exploit these models to generate harmful content that evades detection, posing a threat to online safety and well-being. It is crucial to address issues related to bias, fairness, and privacy when deploying such models for sensitive tasks like hate speech detection.

How can the insights from this study be applied to other areas beyond offensive speech detection?

The insights gained from this study on HateCOT and large language model performance have broader applications beyond offensive speech detection: Explainable AI: The methodology used for generating explanations with GPT-3.5-Turbo can be applied to other domains requiring explainable AI systems. Low-resource Settings: The findings on effective pre-training and fine-tuning strategies with limited data can inform approaches in various low-resource scenarios. In-context Learning: Understanding how different learning methods impact model performance can guide research across diverse natural language processing tasks. Transparency & Accountability: Lessons learned about enhancing transparency through explanation generation can be valuable for improving accountability in various AI applications. By leveraging these insights across different fields, researchers and practitioners can advance responsible AI development practices while maximizing performance and interpretability of machine learning systems.