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Msmsfnet: A Multi-Stream and Multi-Scale Fusion Network for Efficient Edge Detection

Core Concepts
The proposed Msmsfnet architecture achieves state-of-the-art performance on edge detection tasks across multiple public datasets, without relying on pre-trained weights from ImageNet.
The paper presents a new deep learning-based network architecture called Msmsfnet for efficient edge detection. The key highlights are: The authors set new benchmarks to evaluate edge detection algorithms on public datasets by training all models from scratch, without using pre-trained weights from ImageNet. This allows for fair comparison and facilitates the design of new network architectures. The proposed Msmsfnet utilizes a multi-stream and multi-scale fusion block to enrich the multi-scale representation capability of the network. It extensively uses spatial asymmetric convolutions to increase the depth of the model while reducing the number of parameters. Experiments on the BIPEDv2, BSDS500, and NYUDv2 datasets show that Msmsfnet outperforms state-of-the-art deep learning-based edge detectors when all models are trained from scratch. The improvements are particularly significant on the BSDS500 and NYUDv2 datasets, which focus on boundary/contour detection. The edge maps produced by Msmsfnet are cleaner and closer to the ground truth compared to other methods, with fewer false detections.
The authors report the following key metrics on the test sets: BIPEDv2 dataset: ODS F1-score: 0.897 OIS F1-score: 0.901 Average Precision: 0.936 BSDS500 dataset: ODS F1-score: 0.816 OIS F1-score: 0.835 Average Precision: 0.859 NYUDv2 dataset (RGB+HHA): ODS F1-score: 0.746 OIS F1-score: 0.767 Average Precision: 0.789
"The proposed msmsfnet achieves superior performance than state-of-the-art methods in three publicly available datasets under the same experimental settings, which shows the efficiency of the proposed method."

Key Insights Distilled From

by Chenguang Li... at 04-09-2024

Deeper Inquiries

How can the multi-scale representation capability of Msmsfnet be further improved to handle more complex edge/boundary detection tasks

To further enhance the multi-scale representation capability of Msmsfnet for handling more complex edge/boundary detection tasks, several strategies can be implemented. Firstly, incorporating attention mechanisms can help the model focus on relevant features at different scales, improving the overall detection accuracy. Additionally, integrating recurrent neural networks (RNNs) or transformers can enable the model to capture long-range dependencies and contextual information across scales. Utilizing graph convolutional networks (GCNs) can also enhance the model's ability to understand relationships between different parts of an image, aiding in more precise edge detection. Moreover, exploring self-supervised learning techniques can help in learning robust representations across scales without the need for extensive labeled data, further boosting the model's performance in complex detection tasks.

What are the potential limitations of training deep learning models from scratch for edge detection, and how can they be addressed

Training deep learning models from scratch for edge detection may have limitations such as the requirement for large amounts of annotated data, longer training times, and potential overfitting issues. To address these limitations, techniques like transfer learning can be employed, where models pretrained on large datasets like ImageNet can be fine-tuned on edge detection tasks. This approach leverages the knowledge learned from the pretraining phase, reducing the need for extensive data and training time. Regularization methods such as dropout and batch normalization can help prevent overfitting during training. Additionally, data augmentation techniques can be utilized to artificially increase the diversity of the training data, improving the model's generalization capabilities.

What other computer vision tasks beyond edge detection could benefit from the design principles used in the Msmsfnet architecture

The design principles used in the Msmsfnet architecture can benefit various other computer vision tasks beyond edge detection. For instance, in semantic segmentation, the multi-stream and multi-scale fusion approach can help in capturing detailed object boundaries and improving segmentation accuracy. In object detection, the model's ability to extract features at different scales can aid in detecting objects of varying sizes within an image. For image classification, the deep supervision technique employed in Msmsfnet can enhance the learning process by providing intermediate supervision signals, leading to better classification performance. Furthermore, in instance segmentation, the model's multi-scale feature learning capability can assist in accurately delineating individual object instances within a scene.