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Generalizing Food Recognition for Practical Scenarios


Core Concepts
The author argues that existing food recognition datasets are limited in their applicability to real-life scenarios, leading to the proposal of new benchmarks and a novel method, MCRL, to address the domain gap and enhance performance.
Abstract
The precise recognition of food categories is crucial for health management. Existing datasets like Food-101 and VIREO Food-172 are well-curated but lack representation of daily-life scenarios. To bridge this gap, two new benchmarks, DailyFood-172 and DailyFood-16, have been introduced. The MCRL method is proposed to handle the challenges posed by the variance in food appearances between curated datasets and real-life scenarios. By dynamically aligning target samples with multiple source clusters, MCRL enhances classification accuracy and generalization abilities. The study highlights the discrepancy in appearance consistency between dishes from curated datasets and those from daily meals. It emphasizes the need for datasets that better represent everyday food images for practical applications. The proposed MCRL method addresses the "category ambiguity" problem by dynamically learning distribution shifts towards multiple source cluster features during training. Through experiments on extensive visual cross-domain tasks, it is demonstrated that integrating MCRL with conventional UDA methods significantly improves classification accuracy in target domains. The ablation study further validates the effectiveness of MCRL in dynamic distribution alignment between domains. Qualitative results showcase instances where MCRL outperforms state-of-the-art methods in accurate food classification.
Stats
"DailyFood-172 dataset now contains 42,312 images" "DailyFood-16 includes 1,695 images" "ResNet50 was employed as the backbone" "Deit-S is used in CDTrans"
Quotes
"We hope our new benchmarks can inspire the community to explore transferability of food recognition models." "MCRL not only addresses 'category ambiguity' but also mitigates adverse effects of imperfect pseudo-label predictions."

Key Insights Distilled From

by Guoshan Liu,... at arxiv.org 03-13-2024

https://arxiv.org/pdf/2403.07403.pdf
From Canteen Food to Daily Meals

Deeper Inquiries

How can the proposed benchmarks DailyFood-172 and DailyFood-16 impact future research on food recognition

The proposed benchmarks DailyFood-172 and DailyFood-16 can significantly impact future research on food recognition by providing more realistic and diverse datasets for training and evaluation. These datasets capture images of everyday meals, which differ from the professionally curated images in existing benchmarks. Researchers can use these new benchmarks to develop and test food recognition models that are better suited for real-world applications. By introducing datasets that reflect the variability and complexity of daily-life scenarios, researchers can improve the robustness and generalization capabilities of their models. This shift towards more practical data sources can lead to advancements in intelligent health management systems, dietary monitoring tools, and personalized nutrition recommendations.

What potential challenges might arise when applying MCRL to other domains beyond food recognition

When applying Multi-Cluster Reference Learning (MCRL) to domains beyond food recognition, several potential challenges may arise: Domain-specific features: MCRL relies on identifying clusters within a specific domain to minimize distribution shifts effectively. Adapting this approach to domains with vastly different feature spaces or characteristics could result in suboptimal performance. Label ambiguity: In domains where labels are ambiguous or overlapping, determining the appropriate reference clusters for each sample may be challenging using MCRL. Data diversity: If the target domain lacks diversity or representative samples, MCRL may struggle to identify relevant source clusters for alignment. Model scalability: The scalability of MCRL across different domains needs consideration as larger datasets or complex feature spaces might require adjustments to ensure efficient learning. Addressing these challenges would involve adapting MCRL's framework to suit the specific requirements and characteristics of each domain while maintaining its ability to learn dynamic distribution alignments effectively.

How could incorporating additional sources or types of data enhance the performance of MCRL in real-world applications

Incorporating additional sources or types of data could enhance the performance of Multi-Cluster Reference Learning (MCRL) in real-world applications by: Increased diversity: Introducing data from various sources can enrich the representation space captured by MCRL, leading to improved model generalization across diverse scenarios. Enhanced robustness: Combining multiple types of data allows MCRL to learn from a broader range of features and patterns, making it more resilient against noise or outliers present in individual datasets. Domain adaptation: Incorporating data from related but distinct domains enables MCRL to adapt more flexibly when faced with shifts between source and target distributions. Transfer learning benefits: Leveraging additional sources provides opportunities for transfer learning insights that can be applied across different tasks or domains efficiently. By leveraging a wider array of data sources strategically aligned with specific application contexts, MCRL can achieve superior performance levels while maintaining adaptability across varied real-world settings through comprehensive feature representation learning strategies
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