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Exploring Large Language Models in Games: A Comprehensive Survey and Roadmap

Core Concepts
The authors explore the potential of large language models (LLMs) in various roles within games, highlighting their capabilities and limitations.
Recent research has shown the increasing use of LLMs in games, from playing to designing. LLMs have shown promise but also face challenges such as hallucinations, factual errors, and difficulty capturing user intent. The potential for LLMs as game commentators or player assistants remains largely unexplored. Addressing these limitations and exploring new applications could lead to groundbreaking advancements in this field.
GPT-2 model released in 2019 demonstrated the capabilities of transformer models trained on large text corpora. GPT-2 struggled with limited training datasets, while GPT-3 showed better performance. AI Dungeon uses a fine-tuned version of GPT-2 for interactive storytelling. MarioGPT uses GPT-2 for generating Super Mario Bros levels. LLMs suffer from hallucinations, factual errors, and struggle to capture user intent.
"LLMs lack grounding, so the text they generate is detached from constraints of reality." "LLMs always 'act' confidently in their responses, even when wholly mistaken." "The ability to capture user intent is important for applications of LLMs that converse directly with the player."

Key Insights Distilled From

by Roberto Gall... at 03-01-2024
Large Language Models and Games

Deeper Inquiries

How can LLMs be improved to reduce hallucinations and factual errors in game-related applications?

To reduce hallucinations and factual errors in game-related applications, several improvements can be made to LLMs: Fine-tuning on Game-Specific Data: Training LLMs on specific game-related datasets can help them better understand the context of the gaming environment, reducing the likelihood of generating irrelevant or incorrect information. Contextual Understanding: Enhancing LLMs' ability to retain context over longer conversations or gameplay sessions can help mitigate issues related to memory constraints and continuity problems. Incorporating External Knowledge Bases: Integrating external databases or knowledge bases that provide accurate and up-to-date information relevant to the game world can assist LLMs in producing more informed responses. Human Oversight and Feedback Loop: Implementing a human oversight system where generated content is reviewed by humans for accuracy before being presented in-game can help catch errors and prevent misleading information from reaching players. Continual Learning Mechanisms: Developing mechanisms within LLM models that allow them to learn from their mistakes over time through feedback loops could improve their performance and reduce errors gradually. Ethical Considerations: Ensuring that ethical considerations are taken into account when training LLMs for games, such as avoiding biased or harmful content generation, which could lead to misinformation or negative player experiences.

What are the ethical implications of using LLMs as player assistants or game masters?

Using LLMs as player assistants or game masters raises several ethical implications: Transparency: Players should be informed when interacting with an AI rather than a human counterpart so they understand the limitations of AI decision-making processes. Data Privacy: Collecting data during gameplay interactions with an AI assistant must adhere to strict privacy guidelines to protect user information. Fairness: Ensuring that AI assistants do not discriminate against players based on factors like race, gender, age, etc., is crucial for creating inclusive gaming environments. Accountability: Clarifying who is responsible for decisions made by AI assistants in games helps establish accountability if any issues arise. Player Well-being: Monitoring player well-being during interactions with AI assistants is essential to prevent negative impacts on mental health due to prolonged exposure or inappropriate content generation. 6.Bias Mitigation: Addressing biases present in training data used for developing AI systems ensures fair treatment of all players regardless of background.

How might advancements in LLM technology impact the future development of video games?

Advancements in Large Language Models (LLMs) technology are poised to have significant impacts on future video game development: 1 .Enhanced Player Engagement: Advanced conversational abilities of LMM-powered NPCs could create more immersive storytelling experiences for players. 2 .Dynamic Content Generation: Improved procedural content generation capabilities using advanced language models may lead to dynamically changing levels tailored specifically for each player's preferences. 3 .Personalized Gaming Experiences: Customized dialogue options based on individual player interactions powered by sophisticated language models would enable personalized gaming narratives. 4 .Efficient Game Design Processes: Streamlining design workflows through automated level creation tools utilizing advanced language models could expedite production timelines while maintaining creativity. 5 .Interactive Storytelling: - Interactive narrative branching paths driven by natural language processing algorithms would offer players unique storylines based on their choices throughout the game experience 6 .AI-Driven Gameplay Mechanics: - Incorporation of adaptive difficulty levels determined by real-time analysis from machine learning algorithms embedded within games enhances overall gameplay experience These advancements signify a shift towards more dynamic, interactive, and personalized gaming experiences facilitated by cutting-edge language technologies integrated into various aspects of video game development processes