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Few-Shot Recalibration of Language Models: Improving Calibration for Narrow Slices


Core Concepts
Few-shot recalibration enhances LM calibration for specific slices, improving trust in predictions.
Abstract
The content discusses the challenges of miscalibration within narrow slices of language models (LMs) despite overall calibration. It introduces a few-shot recalibration framework to address this issue, training a recalibration model with unlabeled examples to predict slice-specific precision curves. The approach consistently outperforms existing methods, improving calibration error and achieving target precision. Ablation studies confirm the effectiveness of the asymmetric loss and the robustness of the model across different numbers of domains per slice.
Stats
Few-shot recalibrator consistently outperforms existing calibration methods Improving calibration error for PaLM2-Large on MMLU by 16% Empirical baseline has access to few-shot example labels
Quotes
"LMs are not well-calibrated for meaningful slices of broader distributions." "Our few-shot recalibrator consistently outperforms existing methods for calibration in all settings."

Key Insights Distilled From

by Xiang Lisa L... at arxiv.org 03-28-2024

https://arxiv.org/pdf/2403.18286.pdf
Few-Shot Recalibration of Language Models

Deeper Inquiries

How can few-shot recalibration be applied to other types of models beyond language models

Few-shot recalibration can be applied to other types of models beyond language models by following a similar framework of using a few unlabeled examples from a specific slice or domain to recalibrate the model's confidence estimates. This approach can be adapted to various machine learning models, such as computer vision models, recommender systems, or even reinforcement learning models. By providing the model with a small set of examples from a particular domain, the recalibration model can learn to adjust the model's confidence scores to be more accurate for that specific domain. This can help improve the model's performance and reliability in various applications across different domains and tasks.

What ethical considerations should be taken into account when adjusting LM confidence for different demographic groups

When adjusting LM confidence for different demographic groups, several ethical considerations should be taken into account. Firstly, it is crucial to ensure that the recalibration process does not inadvertently reinforce biases or stereotypes related to specific demographic groups. The recalibration should aim to improve fairness and accuracy in model predictions across all demographic groups rather than perpetuating existing disparities. Additionally, transparency and accountability are essential when adjusting LM confidence for different demographic groups. It is important to clearly communicate the recalibration process, the reasons behind it, and the potential impact on different groups. Stakeholders, including the affected demographic groups, should be involved in the decision-making process to ensure that the recalibration is done in an ethical and responsible manner. Furthermore, continuous monitoring and evaluation of the recalibration process are necessary to assess its impact on different demographic groups and to address any potential issues or biases that may arise. Regular audits and reviews can help ensure that the recalibration is aligned with ethical principles and promotes fairness and equity in model predictions.

How can the few-shot recalibration approach be extended to handle open-ended responses in addition to multiple-choice questions

Extending the few-shot recalibration approach to handle open-ended responses in addition to multiple-choice questions would require some modifications to the framework. One possible approach could involve providing the model with a few-shot set of examples with open-ended responses and their corresponding ground-truth labels. The recalibration model would then learn to adjust the model's confidence scores for open-ended responses based on the provided examples. To handle open-ended responses, the recalibration model could predict a confidence threshold that determines when the model's predictions can be trusted for each specific open-ended response. By training the recalibration model on a few-shot set of examples for open-ended responses, it can learn to recalibrate the model's confidence estimates to be more accurate and reliable for these types of responses. This extension would enable the recalibration approach to improve the calibration and reliability of models for a wider range of tasks and applications beyond multiple-choice questions.
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