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DISORF: A Framework for Online NeRF Training and Rendering on Mobile Robots


Core Concepts
The author presents DISORF as a framework to enable online 3D reconstruction and visualization of scenes captured by resource-constrained mobile robots. The core reasoning is to distribute computation efficiently between edge devices and remote servers for high-quality real-time reconstruction.
Abstract
The DISORF framework addresses the challenge of limited compute capabilities on edge devices by distributing computation between the device and a remote server. It leverages SLAM systems for pose estimation and proposes a novel sampling method to improve rendering quality during online NeRF training. The framework aims to enable high-quality real-time reconstruction and visualization of unknown scenes captured by mobile robots. Key points include: Introduction of DISORF for online 3D reconstruction on mobile robots. Leveraging SLAM systems for pose estimation and transmitting keyframes to remote servers. Proposal of a shifted exponential frame sampling method to address rendering quality challenges. Comparison with offline NeRF training methods. Evaluation on Replica and Tanks and Temples datasets showcasing improved rendering quality with the proposed sampling method.
Stats
"Jetson Xavier NX still takes over 14 times longer than an RTX3090 GPU to train Instant-NGP." "Keyframe-based transmission reduces network bandwidth usage by over 10x." "Our method outperforms the offline baseline on some replica scenes." "Frame sampling method consistently improves rendering quality across various scenes."
Quotes
"We introduce DISORF, a novel framework that enables online 3D reconstruction with NeRF by distributing computational tasks efficiently." "Our goal is to enable high-quality real-time reconstruction and visualization of environments from mobile robots using DISORF."

Key Insights Distilled From

by Chunlin Li,R... at arxiv.org 03-04-2024

https://arxiv.org/pdf/2403.00228.pdf
DISORF

Deeper Inquiries

How can the DISORF framework be adapted for use in other applications beyond robotics

The DISORF framework's adaptability extends beyond robotics into various applications, such as augmented reality (AR), virtual reality (VR), and architectural visualization. In AR/VR, real-time 3D reconstruction can enhance immersive experiences by creating dynamic environments from live camera feeds. Architectural visualization benefits from on-the-fly scene modeling for rapid prototyping and interactive design reviews. Additionally, in medical imaging, DISORF could aid in surgical planning by generating 3D models of patient anatomy in real time.

What are potential drawbacks or limitations of relying on distributed computation between edge devices and remote servers

While distributed computation offers significant advantages, drawbacks include increased latency due to data transmission between edge devices and servers. This delay can impact real-time applications requiring immediate feedback or response times. Moreover, network connectivity issues may disrupt the flow of data between devices, leading to processing interruptions or incomplete reconstructions. Security concerns arise with sensitive data transmitted over networks, potentially exposing vulnerabilities to cyber threats if not adequately protected.

How might advancements in neural radiance fields impact future developments in online 3D reconstruction technologies

Advancements in neural radiance fields (NeRFs) are poised to revolutionize online 3D reconstruction technologies by enabling high-fidelity scene representations with photorealistic rendering capabilities. Future developments may focus on enhancing NeRF training efficiency through novel sampling strategies like shifted exponential frame sampling seen in DISORF. Improved model architectures and optimization techniques could further accelerate training speeds while maintaining rendering quality. Integration with active ray sampling methods may enhance adaptive learning capabilities for continual improvement of NeRF models over time.
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