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Data-driven Robot Input Vector Exploration Protocol for UGV Motion Modeling

Core Concepts
An automated protocol, DRIVE, facilitates UGV motion modeling with a slip-based BLR model, improving prediction accuracy and reducing training time.
Introduction: Accurate motion modeling crucial for UGV navigation. Lack of standardized protocol for empirical data gathering. DRIVE Protocol: Identifies true vehicle input space for comprehensive data collection. Automates input vector sampling for broad coverage. Utilizes transient and steady-state training windows for data gathering. Dynamics-aware Model: Slip-based BLR model predicts UGV motion with dynamics-aware basis functions. Powertrain model minimizes wheel velocity prediction error. Experimental Results: DRIVE protocol outperforms common training approaches. Slip-based BLR model improves prediction accuracy over acceleration-based BLR. Model convergence achieved with 46 seconds of training data. Conclusion: DRIVE protocol enhances UGV motion modeling and reduces training time.
Our protocol offers increased predictive performance over common human-driven data-gathering protocols. The operational limit for our model is reached in extreme slip conditions encountered on surfaced ice. Model convergence is reached with 46 seconds of training data.
"An accurate motion model is a fundamental component of most autonomous navigation systems." "DRIVE is an efficient way of characterizing UGV motion in its operational conditions." "Our slip-based BLR model offers improved performances for rotation prediction and similar performance in translation prediction over acceleration-based BLR."

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by Domi... at 03-28-2024

Deeper Inquiries

How can the DRIVE protocol be adapted for vehicles with different geometries?

The DRIVE protocol can be adapted for vehicles with different geometries by adjusting the input space sampling strategy to accommodate varying vehicle configurations. For vehicles with Ackermann steering, the protocol can be modified to account for the different input vectors required for steering. Additionally, the calibration distribution for input limits can be tailored to the specific characteristics of the vehicle, such as wheelbase, turning radius, and maximum steering angles. By customizing the input space definition and sampling approach, the DRIVE protocol can effectively characterize a wide range of vehicle geometries.

What are the implications of the slip-based BLR model for extreme slip situations like driving on surfaced ice?

In extreme slip situations like driving on surfaced ice, the slip-based BLR model offers significant advantages. By incorporating dynamics-aware basis functions for slip estimation, the model can accurately capture the complex interactions between the vehicle and the slippery terrain. This allows the model to predict slip velocities with high precision, even in challenging conditions where traditional models may struggle. The slip-based BLR model provides a robust framework for handling extreme slip scenarios, enabling UGVs to navigate safely and effectively on surfaces like ice with enhanced predictive performance.

How can the protocol be optimized for real-time UGV motion prediction in dynamic environments?

To optimize the protocol for real-time UGV motion prediction in dynamic environments, several strategies can be implemented. Firstly, the data gathering process can be streamlined by incorporating sensor fusion techniques to enhance localization accuracy and reduce data collection time. Additionally, the protocol can be integrated with adaptive sampling algorithms that prioritize critical data points for model training in dynamic environments. Real-time model updating and refinement based on incoming sensor data can improve prediction accuracy on the fly. Furthermore, leveraging parallel processing and efficient computational algorithms can enhance the speed of model inference, enabling rapid decision-making for UGVs operating in dynamic environments. By integrating these optimization techniques, the protocol can be tailored for real-time UGV motion prediction in dynamic and rapidly changing scenarios.